National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Technical guidelines

The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Technical Guidelines (NGER Technical Guidelines) assist corporations and liable entities to understand and apply the NGER (Measurement) Determination 2008.

The guidelines outline calculation methods and criteria for determining greenhouse gas emissions, energy production, energy consumption and potential greenhouse gas emissions embodied in natural gas.

Users of the NGER Technical Guidelines should note that the guidelines are derived from the Measurement Determination. In cases where a corporation perceives a contradiction between the NGER Technical Guidelines and Measurement Determination, and the Measurement Determination takes precedence.

The National Greenhouse Account Factors do not apply and have no standing in relation to reporting under the NGER legislation.


The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007, the Regulations under that Act and the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Determination 2008 establish the legislative framework for a national greenhouse and energy reporting system.

These NGER Technical Guidelines embody the latest methods for estimating emissions and are based on the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Determination 2008 as amended ('the Determination') 1 by the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Amendment Determination 2013 (No. 1) . The Technical Guidelines provide additional guidance and commentary to assist reporters in estimating greenhouse gas emissions for reporting under the NGER system. The most current publication applies to the 2013-2014 reporting year.

The NGER System has two objectives which are set out in the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 (the Act).

The first set of objectives comprise:

  • informing government policy formulation and the Australian public
  • meeting Australia's international reporting obligations
  • assisting Commonwealth, state and territory government programs and activities
  • avoiding the duplication of similar reporting requirements in the states and territories.

The second objective of the NGER System is to underpin the Clean Energy Act 2011 by imposing various registration, reporting and record keeping requirements.

Updates to the Technical Guidelines

The Technical Guidelines will need to be revised as new information on emissions estimation methods becomes available. Each year, the Guidelines will be updated to include the latest Scope 2 emission factors, and to reflect changes made to the Measurement Determination.

Further information on consultations undertaken to develop the NGER legislation is available through the department's public consultations

The department will continue to refine and elaborate the emissions estimation methods as other issues arise from ongoing consultation, and domestic and international developments.